As part of my internship I am able to visit two museums or research centers, to further my research, to see their museum collections, and to visit with the curator. One of the sites that I have selected is the Center of Southwest Studies at Fort Lewis College in Durango. My request for a visit was received enthusiastically by the curator when I told her about my internship. She recommended that I visit the Southern Ute Museum in Ignacio. I have made contact with the museum to see if I can set up a private tour and a meeting with the curator. I am hoping to visit them during my fall break.
I look forward to sharing with you about my visits and posting some photographers from my trip.
This week I researched these names of Tomasita Montoya, Reyectia Trujillo, Lela and Van Gutierrez, Petra Tafoya, and Dora Gato to confirm if these individuals were potters.
I am delighted to share the following information on the potters whose pottery we are fortunate to have at the museum:
Tomasita Montoya (1899-1978) was a San Juan Potter. She was one of the original seven potters in the 1930’s “San Juan Revival”. Especially known for her incised polychrome redware jars, bowls and vases. Decoration on these vessels included clouds, kival steps, triangular fret and fine line hatching. On occasion she utilized micaceous clay, adding some textured geometric elements.
Tomasita worked along side her daughters; Dominguita Sisneros and Rosita de Herrera who are also famous potters.
Reyecita A Trujillo was from the San Juan Pueblo. and was one of the seven original potters who participated in the San Juan pottery revival. She worked with her husband Juan Hilario Trujillo who would carve designs on her pots. Known for her redware polychrome plates, carved blackware and micaceous jars.
- Lela and Van Gutierrez were potters from Santa Clara, they tested many ideas in pottery making, developing a decorative scheme that featured earth colors on a matte background. Using bold curvilinear designs on neutral tan or beige became the base for a new Santa Clara style. Lela and Van were true innovators and specialized in pictorial designs in using a variety of hues and colors not normally associated with pueblo pottery. Lela and her son Luther Gutierrez (1911-1987) collaborated on pottery following the death of Van in 1956. Luther continued in his father’s style.
There remain two names I am still researching, Dora Cata and Petra Tayofa. May my journey in search of two more potential potters be successful
This week my journey consisted of research on the Tewa, Keres, Zuni, Hopi, Tiwa, and
Towa Pueblo’s, they are grouped by language:
- Tewa: San Juan (Ohkay Owingeh), Santa Clara, San Ildefonso, Pojoaque, Nambe, and Teseuque. (There was also a group called Southern Tewa south of Santa Fe during the Colonial Era, but these pueblos are all gone now.)
There is a single Tewa speaking pueblo at Hopi First Mesa that is just called Tewa Village. (Thano, Tano, and Hano is used by historians, but the village members do not like those terms.)
- Eastern Keres or Keresan: Cochiti, Santo Domingo, San Felipe, Santa Ana, and Zia.
- Western Keres: Acoma and Laguna (Laguna is actually a confederation of something like five or six small villages; generally, all these villages can just be grouped into a single category of Keres.)
- Zuni: Spoken at the single village of Zuni.
- Hopi: Is a confederation of a number of villages spread across three mesas.
- Northern Tiwa: Taos and Picuris and Southern Tiwa: Isleta and Sandia (by Albuquerque). They can also be grouped under the generic name Tiwa.
- Towa: Is spoken only at the Jemez Pueblo.
As I do my research I feel like I am working on a puzzle that in the end will not just be about the artifacts, but about languages, artists, history, and life of some beautiful people.
I had the privilege this week of assisting with unpacking and displaying some Apache artifacts. The Apache collections consists of headdresses and woven baskets.
Apache Crown Dancer web. Oct. 2016
I would like to share some of my research findings about the Apache headdress known as, “Gaan Apache Headdress”. The Gaan is a mountain spirit / supernatural being who have lived in mountain caves since the world was created by Yusn. They are the Apache’s protectors and teachers; appearing at dances during ceremonies. They come in groups of five, four symbolizing the four quarter of the earth, and the fifth to lead the dance and mediate between the dancers and the humans.
The correct name for the headdress is “Apache Crown Dancer”. Crown dancing is a very old and sacred dance tradition. According to Apache belief, the dance was taught to the Apaches by the mountain spirits as a means of healing. Apache believe that the creator sent the Gaan to the Apache to teach them to live in harmony.
May your journey in life be filled with harmony.
Feest, Christian F. The Cultures of Native North Americans. Konemann Verlagsgesellschaft mbH. 2000.